As established by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court of July 17, 1998, in Article 60, genocide is «any of the acts perpetrated with the intention of totally or partially destroying a national, ethnic, racial or religious group as such:
a) Slaughter of group members.
b) Serious injury to the physical or mental integrity of the group members.
c) Intentional submission of the group to conditions of existence that will result in physical, total or partial destruction.
d) Measures to prevent births within the group.
e) Forcibly transferring children from the group to another group.»
This definition of genocide established by article II of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide of December 9, 1948, the 1993 Statute of the International Criminal Court for Yugoslavia, in addition to the Statute of the Criminal Court for Rwanda of 1995.
It should be noted that the 1948 Convention against Genocide has been recognized by the International Court of Justice, since 1951, as a treaty that codifys the customary law.
Application of sanctions as a method of unconventional genocide?
For decades, nations as Iran, Cuba, Venezuela, Yemen, Syria, among others, have been subject to government change agendas by the United States.
In the case of Iran, in addition to having been subjected to aggressions of all kinds by Washington since the triumph of the Islamic Revolution in 1979 (highlighting the recent act of international terrorism perpetrated against the figure of Commander Suleimani, violating international law and the US Constitution) the Trump administration is now trying to force a government change by making the life of its 80 million inhabitants unbearable. People suffering from diseases such as cancer and diabetes, who need a specific medication to survive, and who can only be obtained abroad, die due to the sanctions that make it difficult to import or make them unpayable. Even non-US companies, concerned that they may break the law or be penalized for violating US sanctions, refuse to sell products from Iran that are not on the sanctions list.
Similarly, the case of Venezuela is on the eye of Washington. Not only the US sanctions are killing thousands of patients unable to access the necessary medication, but they also undermine the right to life of millions of people, by sanctioning the Venezuelan food distribution program that reaches 6 million households or more than 60% of the population. As indicated by numbers taken from the American Center for Economic and Political Research in Washington, it is estimated that due to the boycott, the death rate increased by 31% from 2017 to 2018.
Therefore, what the United States maintains in ensuring that sanctions are applied to the governments of those countries is absolutely false, since they point against medicines, food and medical equipment, also.
We strongly repudiate the use of sanctions as an unconventional method of genocide against the peoples of the world. We ask the international community to raise its voice by making visible and denouncing these crimes and atrocities.